WHITEHORSE—Three sound recordings recovered from the wreck of the Klondike Gold Rush sternwheeler A.J. Goddard have been identified. The records and a gramophone player were found during underwater archaeological field work in June 2010.
“The recovered artifacts reveal intimate details of life on a small, functional Yukon sternwheeler,” Tourism and Culture Minister Elaine Taylor said. “To have the opportunity to learn about the music those on the Goddard would have enjoyed, gives us a window into Yukon’s past and one small piece of the culture of the day.”
Conservation work on the three gramophone records at the Canadian Conservation Institute in Ottawa has revealed them as:
- The Harp that Once thro’ Tara’s Halls by Thomas Moore Berliner 1645Z recorded 9 November 1897 in New York, singer J. W. Myers.
- Ma Onliest One by Fay Templeton Berliner 991Z recorded 17 April 1896, singer Len Spencer.
- Rendez Vous Waltz Berliner 1464Z recorded 1 July 1897, performed by the Metropolitan Orchestra. The recording is available on the Library of Congress online collection Emile Berliner and the Birth of the Recording Industry at http://memory.loc.gov/cgi-bin/query/r?ammem/berl:@field%28NUMBER+@band%28berl+131464Z%29%29.
The A.J. Goddard sank to the bottom of Lake Laberge during a severe storm in 1901, resulting in the loss of three of its five crew members. In June 2010 an international archaeology team, supported by the Institute of Nautical Archaeology, OceanGate, Government of Yukon, Yukon Transportation Museum, PROMARE and Speigel TV, worked to document the vessel and its contents. The gramophone, records and other artifacts recovered from the vessel will form the basis of a sternwheeler exhibit at the Yukon Transportation Museum.
The A.J. Goddard shipwreck is also the subject of a master’s thesis by Lindsey H. Thomas of the Nautical Archaeology Program at Texas A & M University.
"The gramophone was the most surprising find of the season, and by far the most interesting,” Thomas said. “Found on one of the smallest and most utilitarian Yukon River steamboats, this small luxury provides an insight that is incredibly valuable to understanding life on board.”
The A.J. Goddard was designated a Yukon Historic Site in June 2010 and is protected under the Historic Resources Act. A permit is required from Cultural Services branch to visit the site.
Background information attached.
Communications, Tourism and Culture
The A.J. Goddard
The shipwreck of the A.J. Goddard was discovered in June 2008 when a group of divers representing the Institute of Nautical Archaeology and the Yukon Transportation Museum located it during ongoing field work on Yukon River sternwheelers.
Early commercial gramophone records like those found on the A.J. Goddard were mass-produced. Copies of Berliner records 1645Z and 1464Z reside in the Emile Berliner Collection in the Recorded Sound section of the Motion Picture, Broadcasting and Recorded Sound division (MBRS) of the Library of Congress in Washington, DC.
Links and resources
Emile Berliner and the Birth of the Recording Industry, American Library of Congress http://memory.loc.gov/ammem/berlhtml/berlhome.html
OceanGate/BlueView Technology http://www.opentheoceans.com/goddard/overview.htm
Yukon Gold Rush Steamboat Survey at the Institute for Nautical Archaeology http://inadiscover.com/projects/all/north_america/yukon_gold_rush_steamboat_survey_canada/introduction/
A.J. Goddard shipwreck permit (PDF) http://www.tc.gov.yk.ca/868.html
The Yukon Register of Historic Places
Photo caption: The gramophone and records as recovered from the A.J. Goddard wreck, prior to conservation treatment. Conservation work has now revealed the titles of the three recordings, pressed into the records.